Recent Submissions

  • Co-limitation towards lower latitudes shapes global forest diversity gradients 

    Liang, Jingjing; Gamarra, Javier G. P.; Picard, Nicolas; Zhou, Mo; Pijanowski, Bryan; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Reich, Peter B.; Crowther, Thomas W.; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; de-Miguel, Sergio; Bitariho, Robert; Fang, Jingyun (Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2022-08)
    The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain ...
  • Occupancy winners in tropical protected forests: a pantropical analysis 

    Pascual, Asunción Semper; Bischof, Richard; Milleret, Cyril; Beaudrot, Lydia; Vallejo-Vargas, Andrea F.; Ahumada, Jorge A.; Akampurira, Emmanuel; Bitariho, Robert; Espinosa, Santiago; Jansen, Patrick A.; Kiebou-Opepa, Cisquet; Lima, Marcela Guimarães Moreira; Martin, Emanuel H.; Mugerwa, Badru; Rovero, Francesco; Salvador, Julia; Santos, Fernanda; Uzabaho, Eustrate; Sheil, Douglas (2022)
    The structure of forest mammal communities appears surprisingly consistent across the continental tropics, presumably due to convergent evolution in similar environments. Whether such consistency extends to mammal occupancy, ...
  • Long-term funding of community projects has contributed to mitigation of illegal activities within a premier African protected area, Bwindi impenetrable National Park, Uganda 

    Bitariho, Robert; Akampurira, Emmanuel; Mugerwa, Badru (Conservation Science and Practice, 2022-11)
    At Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (hereafter Bwindi), illegal activities often provide major challenges to park management. In 1994, an Integrated Conservation and Development Program (ICDP) was introduced in Bwindi as ...
  • Smallholder Knowledge of Local Climate Conditions Predicts Positive On-Farm Outcomes 

    Salerno, Jonathan; Bailey, Karen; Diem, Jeremy; Konecky, Bronwen; Bridges, Ryan; Namusisi, Shamilah; Bitariho, Robert; Palace, Michael; Hartter, Joel (Weather, Climate, and Society, 2022)
    People’s observations of climate change and its impacts, mediated by cultures and capacities, shape adaptive responses. Adaptation is critical in regions of rain fed smallholder agriculture where changing rainfall patterns ...
  • Financing forest conservation in Uganda 

    Heist, Miriam Van; Sheil, Douglas; Bitariho, Robert; Kasangaki, Aventino (ETFRN NEWS, 2008-09)
    Bwindi was gazetted as a national park in 1991. Inadequate consultation with local people led to protest and resentment about diminished access to resources (Hamilton et al. 2000). To reconcile conservation and community ...
  • High above ground carbon stock of African tropical montane forests 

    Sanchez, Aida Cuni; Sullivan, Martin J. P.; Platts, Philip J.; Lewis, Simon L.; Marchant, Rob; Imani, Gerard; Hubau, Wannes; Abiem, Iveren; Adhikari, Hari; Albrecht, Tomas; Altman, Jan; Amani, Christian; Aneseyee, Abreham B.; Bitariho, Robert; Avitabile, Valerio; Banin, Lindsay (Nature, 2021-08-25)
    Tropical forests store 40–50 per cent of terrestrial vegetation carbon1. However, spatial variations in aboveground live tree biomass carbon (AGC) stocks remain poorly understood, in particular in tropical montane forests2. ...
  • Harvesting of wild climbers, food security and ecological implications in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, S.W uganda 

    Bitariho, Robert; Akampurira, Emmanuel (Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Trust, 2019-01)
    Humans have harvested wild climbers from forests for subsistence and commercial use for thousands of years. In the early four decades, wild climbers were considered a “nuisance” by foresters claiming they suppressed timber ...
  • Asynchronous carbon sink saturation in African and Amazonian tropical forests 

    Hubau, Wannes; Lewis, Simon L; Phillips, Oliver L.; Baffoe, Kofi Affum; Beeckman, Hans; Sanchez, Aida Cuní; Daniels, Armandu K.; Ewango, Corneille E. N.; Fauset, Sophie; Bitariho, Robert; Mukinzi, Jacques M.; Sheil, Douglas; Sonké, Bonaventure; Sullivan, Martin J. P.; Sunderland, Terry C. H. (Nature, 2020-03-04)
    Structurally intact tropical forests sequestered about half of the global terrestrial carbon uptake over the 1990s and early 2000s, removing about 15 per cent of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions1–3. Climate-driven ...
  • Pan‐tropical prediction of forest structure from the largest trees 

    Bastin, Jean‐François; Rutishauser, Ervan; Kellner, James R.; Saatchi, Sassan; Pélissier, Raphael; Hérault, Bruno; Slik, Ferry; Bogaert, Jan; Cannière, Charles De; Marshall, Andrew R.; Poulsen, John; Loyayza, Patricia Alvarez; Andrade, Ana; Basia, Albert Angbonga; Bitariho, Robert (Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2018)
    Aim: Large tropical trees form the interface between ground and airborne observations, offering a unique opportunity to capture forest properties remotely and to investigate their variations on broad scales. However, despite ...
  • On the scaling of activity in tropical forest mammals 

    Cid, Bruno; Carbone, Chris; Fernandez, Fernando A. S.; Jansen, Patrick A.; Rowcliffe, J. Marcus; O’Brien, Timothy; Akampurira, Emmanuel; Bitariho, Robert; Espinosa, Santiago; Gajapersad, Krishna; Santos, Thiago M. R.; Gonçalves, André L. S.; Kinnaird, Margaret F.; Lima, Marcela G. M.; Martin, Emanuel; Mugerwa, Badru; Rovero, Francesco; Salvador, Julia; Santos, Fernanda; Spironello, Wilson R.; Wijntuin, Soraya; Santos, Luiz Gustavo R. Oliveira (Oikos, 2020)
    Activity range - the amount of time spent active per day - is a fundamental aspect contributing to the optimization process by which animals achieve energetic balance. Based on their size and the nature of their diet, ...
  • Harvesting of non-timber forest products and implications for conservation in two montane forests of East Africa 

    Ndangalasi, Henry J.; Bitariho, Robert; Doviec, Delali B.K. (Biological Conservation, 2007)
    Plant species-level research that comprises inventories, impact studies and monitoring is necessary if plant resources are to be harvested sustainably by human populations living adjacent to protected areas in sub-Saharan ...
  • Global camera trap synthesis highlights the importance of protected areas in maintaining mammal diversity 

    Chen, Cheng; Brodie, Jedediah F.; Kays, Roland; Davies, T. Jonathan; Liu, Runzhe; Fisher, Jason T.; Ahumada, Jorge; McShea, William; Sheil, Douglas; Agwanda, Bernard; Andrianarisoa, Mahandry H.; Bitariho, Robert; Kalies, Elizabeth L.; Appleton, Robyn D. (Conservation Letters, 2022)
    The establishment of protected areas (PAs) is a central strategy for global biodiversity conservation. While the role of PAs in protecting habitat has been highlighted, their effectiveness at protecting mammal communities ...
  • The Availability and Distribution of Fruit and Non-Fruit Plant Resources in Bwindi: their Influence on Gorilla Habitat Use and Food Choice 

    Nkurunungo, John Bosco; Sangster, Lucy (2005)
    Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) are the largest extant apes, whose 2 species and 4 subspecies are all highly endangered. Relatively little is know about the mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) of Bwindi Impenetrable ...
  • An Assessment of the Status of Exotic Plant Species and Natural Vegetation Types of Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, South-Western Uganda. 

    Julius, Bunny Lejju; Sangster, Lucy (1999)
    Mgahinga Gorilla National Park (MGNP) is an afromontane forest region in south-west Uganda on the slopes of the Virunga volcanoes, characterised by a great diversity of habitat types associated with its altitudinal range. ...
  • The number of tree species on Earth 

    Bitariho, Robert; Gattia, Roberto Cazzolla; Reichd, Peter B.; Gamarra, Javier G. P.; Crowtherh, Tom; Huii, Cang; Morerak, Albert; Bastinm, Jean-Francois; Diazq, Josep M. Serra (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022-01-31)
    One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth. However, due to massive logistical and financial challenges and taxonomic difficulties connected to the species concept definition, ...
  • Taking the pulse of Earth’s tropical forests using networks of highly distributed plots 

    Bitariho, Robert; Blundo, Cecilia; Carilla, Julieta; Grau, Ricardo; Malizia, Agustina; Malizia, Lucio; Acosta, Oriana Osinaga; Bird, Michael; Bradford, Matt (Biological Conservation, 2020)
    Tropical forests are the most diverse and productive ecosystems on Earth. While better understanding of these forests is critical for our collective future, until quite recently efforts to measure and monitor them have ...
  • Tangible benefits or token gestures: does Bwindi impenetrable National Park’s long established multiple use programme benefit the poor? 

    Bitariho, Robert; Sheil, Douglas; Eilu, Gerald (Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 2016)
    Trade and use of Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) has often been suggested as a means through which forest dependent people can improve their livelihoods to overcome poverty. Many projects have indeed promoted trade and ...
  • Higher Maximum Temperature Increases the Frequency of Water Drinking in Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) 

    Wright, Edward; Eckardt, Winnie; Refisch, Johannes; Bitariho, Robert; Grueter, Cyril C.; Ganas-Swaray, Jessica; Stoinski, Tara S.; Robbins, Martha M. (Frontiers in Conservation Science, 2022)
    Water plays a vital role in many aspects of sustaining life, including thermoregulation. Given that increasing temperatures and more extreme weather events due to climate change are predicted to influence water availability, ...
  • Habitat selection by elephants in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda 

    Babaasa, Dennis (African Journal of Ecology, 2000)
    Elephants’ preference for certain habitats of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is discussed in relation to seasonality in plant production. Bamboo forest is favoured during the wet seasons because of the presence of young ...
  • Consistent daily activity patterns across tropical forest mammal communities 

    Vargas, Andrea Vallejo; Sheil, Douglas; Semper-Pascual, Asunción; Beaudrot, Lydia; Ahumada, Jorge; Bitariho, Robert; Espinosa, Santiago; Estienne, Vittoria; Jansen, Patrick; Kayijamahe, Charles; Martin, Emanuel; Lima, Marcela; Mugerwa, Badru; Rovero, Francesco; Salvador, Julia; Santos, Fernanda; spironello, wilson; Uzabaho, Eustrate; Bischof, Richard (Research square, 2022)
    Most animals follow distinct daily activity patterns reflecting their adaptations1, requirements, and Interactions 2-4. Specific communities provide specific opportunities and constraints to their members that further ...

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