Cesarean delivery in low- and middle-income countries: A review of quality of care metrics and targets for improvement
Boatin, Adeline A.
Wylie, Blair J.
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Improving quality of care in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a global priority, specifically around maternal and newborn care, where mortality and morbidity remain unacceptably high. Cesarean delivery is the most common procedure in women, thus evaluating quality around the provision of this intervention provides insight into overall quality of care around childbirth. In this review we provide an overview on the quality of care around cesarean delivery using the six domains of quality proposed by the Institute of Medicine: equity, effectiveness, efficiency, safety, timeliness and patient-centered care. We review evidence of potential quality gaps in each of these domains around cesarean delivery in LMICs, discuss opportunities for improvement and provide suggestions on metrics for tracking quality in each of these domains. As cesarean delivery rates increase globally, efforts to ensure quality will be essential to drive continued and sustained improvements in global maternal and newborn outcomes.
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